Searching for industry’s poetry and humanity, Margrethe Odgaard has won numerous international awards and accolades for her innovative design approach, which focuses on the interaction between colours, materials, light and space. Inspired by the beauty of natural minerals, Margrethe Odgaard has developed 56 eternal colours for the floor surface.
The colours are available in the Eco Compact, Eco Pro, Eco Rustic and Eco Structure wall-to-wall collections, as well as in the Eco Rustic carpet tile collection.
Quartz is a crystalline mineral that occurs in different shades of colour such as a bright
The mineral amethyst is a gemstone in the quartz group and occurs in many different shades from pale violet to purple. Often, the mineral fades into more subdued pale violet towards the centre.
The tip of the amethyst crystal is darkest, and reddish amethysts originate primarily from
the Ural Mountains. Amethyst is dichromic – two-tone – and thus displays bluish-purple
and reddish-purple colours.
Crimson or carmoisine is a strong red colour that tends towards purple. Originally derived
from the kermes dye produced from the insect “kermes vermilio”.
Mudder red or mudder lacquer is extracted from the roots of the Rubia variety of mudder.
This bright pinkish-red pigment has been used since antiquity.
Carmine is a red dye extracted from cochineal. It is a bright red colour with a cool undertone, but warmer than crimson/carmoisine.
The dark red pigment comes from resin from different dragon tree species. Cinnabaris also means “dragon blood”, which was thought to be the direct source of colour in antiquity.
Red jasper is an opaque ferrous mineral and occurs in many different reddish, burnt shades.
Sienna is an earth pigment and in its natural form it is golden brown and known as “raw sienna”. Along with ochre and umbra, it was one of the first pigments used by humans in cave paintings, for example.
Agate is a semi-precious stone, and the apricot-coloured variant contains iron and occurs in a spectrum of soft shades of orange and bright pink tones.
The gemstone topaz is a mineral with a clear shine and comes in a multitude of colours, but the name comes from Sanskrit and means “fire” or “heat”. Poppy topaz refers specifically to the orange-red variants.
Umbra or umber is a brown to reddish-brown earth pigment. When heated, a deeper and more intense hue called burnt umbra is achieved.
Citrine is a yellow quartz variant and the name refers to the clear lemon yellow colour of the mineral.
The mineral calcite is a calcium carbonate and the honey-coloured variant occurs on a scale of transparent and semi-transparent golden tones.
Ochre is a generic term for naturally occurring yellowish, deep-orange and brownish earth pigments. The name comes from ancient Greek and means “pale yellow”.
Smoky quartz is a brownish-grey variant of quartz and ranges in clarity from full transparency to an almost entirely opaque brown-grey hue.
A pearl is, in the original sense of the word, a rare and precious natural product created in and by an oyster. Freshwater pearls may have a mild, green tinge.
Alabaster is the name of two calcareous minerals. The mineral is fine-grained, whitish or marbled. Familiar as plaster for sculptures and in the calcium carbonate version used for religious objects and sarcophagi.
Green soil, “creta viridis” or “terra viridis” is a natural weathering product of varying composition, reflected in the many shades of green in which the pigment occurs.
Olivine is a greenish and important mineral group believed to be the main component of Earth’s upper mantle. Olivine can vary from green to yellow, brown and black colours.
Verdigris is the name of a green-blue pigment obtained by applying acid to copper plates or the natural patina that is formed when copper is exposed to air or sea water over time.
Emerald is a strong green chrome-containing mineral used in jewellery. In its raw, unpolished shape the colour varies from cool, light green to dusty and dark green.
Cobalt green refers to two families of green inorganic pigments. Cobalt green is also called turquoise green or zinc green, and is a green with a cool tinge.
Moss agate is a semi-precious stone with dark green mineral embedded in the stone, forming moss-like patterns.
Moonstone is a feldspar, rock-forming minerals used in jewellery. The cut gemstone has a whitish glow like the moon.
Larimar is a rare blue variety of a mineral found only in the Caribbean Islands. The colour varies from whitish, to light green-blue, to deep blue. The indigenous people believed the stone came from the sea, as the name also suggests.
Granite is group of rocks that are formed at great depths and under high pressure beneath continents. Granite, from the Latin for “grain”, comes in many different colours and lustres, and blue granite is found on the island of Bornholm.
Sterling silver contains 92.5% pure silver and 7.5% other metals. The melting point is lower than for pure silver and it is known as a strong material with a brilliant metal colour.
Aquamarine covers shades between green and blue, and the Latin name of the mineral “aqua marina” also means “sea water”. A bright variant of this blue beryl can be found in Brazil.
Zinc is the 30th element in the periodic table. Under normal temperature and pressure conditions, it occurs as a vaguely bluish metal.
Azurite or mountain blue is a soft pigment with a sky-blue colour. Azurite is a naturally occurring mineral and is found in the Congo.
Indigo blue is a blue colour extracted from indigo plants, of historical significance, since blue dyes were rare. Has been used for ink, paint and textiles. Indigo means “colours from India”.
Ultramarine – from Latin “ultra”, beyond, and “marinus”, relating to the sea – is a blue pigment made from crushed lapis lazuli stone and Arabian rubber as a binder. The pigment was incredibly precious.
Pure lapis lazuli, or lapis for short, is a blue, opaque and rare semi-precious stone. The beautiful dark blue colour has been highly prized since antiquity. An indigo variant and a lighter blue variant are found in Afghanistan.
Before the pigment could be chemically produced, ultramarine was only used for elevated motifs, where, for example, you could lose yourself in the dark, deep blue folds of the Virgin Mary’s garment in Renaissance paintings.
Coal is a sedimentary rock and in the form of anthracite coal it glistens intensely with an almost blue tinge.
Silver is the 47th element in the periodic table. Natural free silver has a greyish appearance, and when polished it appears brilliant, gleaming-white. Its brightness is due to the metal’s strong reflective capacity.
Calcite, or colloquially lime, is a mineral that is widespread throughout the Earth. It is found in many rocks and is most often white, but can also have bluish shades.
Aluminium is an element – a light, silvery metal. It surpasses silver in its reflective capacity, and can seem almost bluish in its clear coolness.
Slate is a fine-grained metamorphic rock and its composition includes clay and mud. There are natural slate deposits in Norway, and the slate can have a greyish-blue colour.
Celadon is a shade originally derived from Chinese stoneware with a translucent, delicate light green or grey-green glaze. The colour results from burning and the iron content of the clay or glaze.
Ash is the solid residue after combustion and is mostly mineral, but wood ash also contains organic matter. The hue is grey with a slightly warm tone. First registered as a colour designation in 1374.
Marble is a rock formed by recrystallisation, a process that takes millions of years. Available in a multitude of colours and textures, where the characteristic greyish marbling is caused by minerals such as clay, sand and flint.
Steel is an alloy of iron with other elements, a material with high tensile strength. Grey is an achromatic shade between white and black, and steel grey has a cool hue with hints of blue.
Ivory is a hard animal material, e.g. from elephant, walrus or narwhale tusks, with a white, warm tone. As a dye, it ranges from soft, off-white to shades of beige.
Limestone is a rock often constructed of shell parts from marine organisms. At Stevns Klint in Denmark, there are two kinds of limestone, where the top layer is light grey-beige bryozoan lime in undulating seams.
The term “taupe” refers to a grey-brown colour. The name comes from French and means mole, and became widely used as a colour term in the 1940s, but was described as an elegant colour as early as 1846.
Basalt is a volcanic rock created by the solidification of magma and is widespread on Earth, but also on Mars, for example. Basalt has a deep dark brown colour with a reddish tinge.
Oxide brown pigment is a rich, versatile brown mixed with red, yellow and black oxides. Used in glazing, it can have an undertone of peach, and as shade colour oxide brown provides both depth and life.
Magma is molten or partially molten rock in the interior of the Earth. If it reaches ground level, it turns into lava. Shades vary from deep black-brown to glowing red-orange.
Iron ore is a metal-containing rock used in the production of iron. The main iron ore, hematite, is also called “iron gloss”. The mineral has a dark reddish-brown colour.
Porphyry is an igneous rock with coarse-grained crystals and most often occurs in a dark colour with lighter texturing. “Porphyra” means “purple” in ancient Greek and refers to the reddish-purple variant of the stone, appreciated for its colour.
Lead is an element; when freshly cut, it is a silvery grey colour with a tinge of blue that eventually becomes matte grey. Lead brown describes a cool brown hue.
Graphite is an element that can occur, for example, when very hot magma veins pass through coal seams. Graphite forms scaly crystals and often has a blackish-silver metallic appearance. The word graphite comes from the Greek for “to write”.
Carbon, from Latin “carbo”, is an element that forms part of all known life forms. As the toughest natural substance, diamond, carbon is colourless, but in the softer deposits, carbon is more black-brown.
Obsidian is a volcanic rock made glassy in structure by the lava cooling quickly after an eruption. That is what makes obsidian brilliantly glossy, and pure obsidian varies from deep dark brown to black.
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